Tuesday, December 31, 2019
Sample details Pages: 1 Words: 397 Downloads: 6 Date added: 2017/09/11 Category Advertising Essay Tags: Donald Trump Essay Did you like this example? Response to Simon DavisÃ¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬Å"Men as Success Objects and Woman as Sex Objects: A Study of Personal Advertisement I really enjoyed this reading because it just made me think of Ã¢â¬Å"stereotypesÃ¢â¬ as a whole in the perspective that maybe all stereotypes come some sort of truth. I mean we all would like to think we donÃ¢â¬â¢t attribute to these stereotypes but in fact we do. Stereotypes donÃ¢â¬â¢t always apply to everyone but indeed they are brought into existence by the fact the reoccur over and over again. In history people have observed that really successful man can get really attractive woman like for example Donald Trump. Donald Trump has been married four times and divorced three and each woman he was married to have been very conventionally attractive with a nice physique. You can only imagine if you didnÃ¢â¬â¢t know Donald Trump and you saw him next to his wife with his reseeding hairline and her young toned body you would only assume she was a Ã¢â¬Å"gold diggerÃ¢â¬ . DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Men as Sucess Objects and Woman as Sex Objects" essay for you Create order By assuming things like these we ourselves are attributing to these stereotypes that Ã¢â¬Å"successful menÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"sexy womanÃ¢â¬ could only be together because their relationship is based on ones financial situation or the other ones attractiveness and not based on a relationship built on common interests and support. In a sense we have the right to assume these things because we see that relationships like that never have the longevity of other relationships. We are raised in a society were we look up to pop culture figures like Donald Trump. We are influenced by their actions because their lives are broadcasted in all sorts of media. We pay attention to there lifestyles which become the norm for us, so even though we wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t like to say it in the back of our minds for guys we all want to be successful so we can get that Ã¢â¬Å"perfect girlÃ¢â¬ and for girls in the back of their mind they want to get the guy who wants to be successful. This could be a contributing factor to the divorce rate in the United States that the attributes we really need like common interests and support are clouded by the what we think we want. Simon Davis gave me some thought provoking material to think about. It makes me wonder how many more stereotypes am I vulnerable to.
Monday, December 23, 2019
How Stalin revolutionized Russia and what his life story is. Who is Joseph Stalin, that is the question. Joseph Stalin was the dictatorial ruler of the Soviet Union/Russia for nearly thirty years. He revolutionized Russia but killed millions and enforced a strict government. His real name was Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili but he changed it when he was in Russia to Stalin meaning Ã¢â¬Å"man of steelÃ¢â¬ with stal meaning steel. He was a great military leader in World War two and made a totalitarianism government. Here is how he made a nation great and his story. Vladimir Lenin was born on April, 22, 1870. Lenin was the one who inspired Stalin and was leader of the Bolshevik political party. Stalin was born on December, 18, 1879. Stalin wasÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Millions died as he did this. In WWII he tried to make a anti-Hitler alliance but did not get support. So he made a pact with Hitler to attack Poland and start WWII. Several months after Hitler invades Poland he attacks Russia without provocation and drives their military back. But then later Russia wins the battles of Stalingrad and Kursk under Stalins control. Soon in the war Stalin was looked to controlling the army and all military tactics or war. The americans during the war called him Ã¢â¬Å"Uncle JoeÃ¢â¬ and gave support to him even before they joined the war and only joined the war because of the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor. After the war Stalin took over many countries and made them his own to increase the population which rose ten million or so. But Titoist Yugoslavia separated from Russia. So to prevent other countries from following suit he made many trials which condemned many Soviet leaders to death off of them falsely testifying of titoism. He tried to spread communism in Europe. Communism is where the government controls everything; schools, education, businesses, industries, factories, and religion. But Stalin made it where one person would control everything not necessarily the actual government. Stalin grew increasingly paranoid and suspicious. He started to have trials more often killing more leaders and any suspectedShow MoreRelatedThe Return Of Fear1569 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesleader, Joseph Stalin, wanted to control all of Europe (just as Hitler had), with a plan to step in and take it over during a war that will occur in the future between rival capitalists, Britain and America, probably since history repeats itself (WW1 was a war between capitalists- true story). After the war ended and the restoration of Europe was in process, Stalin began to overstep his boundaries by sending troops to occupy areas that he was not permitted to (not a very smart decision from Stalin sRead MoreWhy Nations Fail - Chapter 5 Review5470 Words Ã |Ã 22 PagesGeorg-August-UniversitÃ ¤t Sommer Semester 2012 GÃ ¶ttingen WHY NATIONS FAIL D. ACEMOGLU J.A. 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Sunday, December 15, 2019
string(75) " to their feet when, without warning, the sharp tugging pain struck again\." I will not die Ã¢â¬â not again, Elena thought furiously as she writhed in pain, the invisible vise clamping down even harder on her. Bonnie fel to the grass, even paler than before, clutching her stomach in a mirror image of Elena. It cannot take me! And then, just as suddenly as it had started, the deafening roar ceased and the crushing pain lifted. We will write a custom essay sample on The Hunters: Phantom Chapter 29 or any similar topic only for you Order Now Elena col apsed to the ground, air whooshing back into her lungs. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s finished grinding bones to make its bread, Elena thought semihysterical y, and almost giggled. Bonnie gasped loudly, letting out a smal sob. Ã¢â¬Å"What was that?Ã¢â¬ Elena asked her. Bonnie shook her head. Ã¢â¬Å"It felt like something was getting pul ed out of us,Ã¢â¬ she said, panting. Ã¢â¬Å"I felt it before, too, right before you showed up.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"That pul ing feeling.Ã¢â¬ Elena grimaced, her mind whirling. Ã¢â¬Å"I think itÃ¢â¬â¢s the phantom. Damon says that it wants to drain our power. That must be how it does it.Ã¢â¬ Bonnie was staring at her, her mouth just a tiny bit open. Her pink tongue darted out and licked her lips. Ã¢â¬Å"Damon says?Ã¢â¬ she said. She frowned anxiously. Ã¢â¬Å"DamonÃ¢â¬â¢s dead, Elena.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"No, heÃ¢â¬â¢s alive. The star bal brought him back after weÃ¢â¬â¢d already left the Dark Moon. I found out after the phantom took you.Ã¢â¬ Bonnie made a little noise, a sort of eep! that reminded Elena of a bunny, of something soft and smal and surprised. Al the blood drained out of her face, leaving her usual y faint freckles vivid spots against the white of her cheeks. She pressed shaking hands to her mouth, staring at Elena with huge dark eyes. Ã¢â¬Å"Listen, Bonnie,Ã¢â¬ Elena said fiercely. Ã¢â¬Å"Nobody else knows this yet. Nobody but you and me, Bonnie. Damon wanted to keep it a secret until he could figure out the right way to come back. So we need to keep quiet about it.Ã¢â¬ Bonnie nodded, stil gaping. The color was rushing back into her cheeks, and she looked like she was caught between joy and total confusion. Glancing over her shoulder, Elena noticed that there was something in the grass at the foot of a rosebush beyond Bonnie, something motionless and white. A chil went through her as she was reminded of CalebÃ¢â¬â¢s body at the foot of the monument in the graveyard. Ã¢â¬Å"WhatÃ¢â¬â¢s that?Ã¢â¬ she asked sharply. BonnieÃ¢â¬â¢s expression tipped over into confusion. Elena brushed past her and walked toward it, squinting in the sunlight. When she got close enough, Elena saw with amazement that it was Matt, lying stil and silent beneath the rosebush. A sprinkle of black petals was scattered across his chest. As she came close to him, MattÃ¢â¬â¢s eyes twitched Ã¢â¬â she could see them moving rapidly back and forth under the lids, as if he was having an intense dream Ã¢â¬â and then flew open as he took in a long, rattling gulp of air. His pale blue eyes met hers. Ã¢â¬Å"Elena!Ã¢â¬ He gasped. He hitched himself up onto his elbows and looked past her. Ã¢â¬Å"Bonnie! Thank God! Are you okay? Where are we?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"The phantom caught us, brought us to the Nether World, and is using us to make itself more powerful,Ã¢â¬ Elena said succinctly. Ã¢â¬Å"How do you feel?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"A little startled,Ã¢â¬ Matt joked in a weak voice. He looked around, then licked his lips nervously. Ã¢â¬Å"Huh, so this is the Nether World? ItÃ¢â¬â¢s nicer than IÃ¢â¬â¢d pictured from your descriptions. ShouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t the sky be red? And where are al the vampires and demons?Ã¢â¬ He looked at Elena and Bonnie sternly. Ã¢â¬Å"Were you guys tel ing the truth about everything that happened to you here? Because this place seems pretty nice for a Hel dimension, what with al the roses and everything.Ã¢â¬ Elena stared at him. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s possible too many weird things have happened to us. Then she noticed the hint of panic on MattÃ¢â¬â¢s face. He wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t unnatural y blase about what was going on; he was just being brave, whistling to keep up their spirits in this newest danger. Ã¢â¬Å"Wel , we wanted to impress you,Ã¢â¬ she joked back with a tremulous smile, then quickly got down to business. Ã¢â¬Å"What was going on when you were back home?Ã¢â¬ she asked him. Ã¢â¬Å"Um,Ã¢â¬ Matt said, Ã¢â¬Å"Stefan and Meredith were questioning Caleb about how he summoned the phantom.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"CalebÃ¢â¬â¢s not responsible for the phantom,Ã¢â¬ Elena said firmly. Ã¢â¬Å"It fol owed us home when we were here before. We have to get home right away so we can tel them theyÃ¢â¬â¢re dealing with one of the Original ones. ItÃ¢â¬â¢l be much more difficult for us to get rid of than an ordinary one.Ã¢â¬ Matt looked at Bonnie questioningly. Ã¢â¬Å"How does she know this?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Wel ,Ã¢â¬ Bonnie said, with a hint of the glee she always got from gossip, Ã¢â¬Å"apparently Damon told her. HeÃ¢â¬â¢s alive and she saw him!Ã¢â¬ So much for keeping DamonÃ¢â¬â¢s secret, Bonnie, Elena thought, rol ing her eyes. Stil , it didnÃ¢â¬â¢t real y matter if Matt knew. He wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t the one Damon was keeping the secret from, and he wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t likely to be able to tel Stefan anytime soon. Elena tuned out MattÃ¢â¬â¢s exclamations of wonder and BonnieÃ¢â¬â¢s explanations as she scanned the area around them. Sunshine. Rosebushes. Rosebushes. Sunshine. Grass. Clear blue sky. Al the same, in every direction. Wherever she looked, velvety black perfect blooms nodded serenely in a clear midday sun. The bushes were al the same, down to the number and positions of the roses on each one and the distances between them. Even the stems of grass were uniform Ã¢â¬â al stopping at the same height. The sun hadnÃ¢â¬â¢t moved since sheÃ¢â¬â¢d arrived. It al seemed like it should be lovely and relaxing, but after a few minutes the sameness became unnerving. Ã¢â¬Å"There was a gate,Ã¢â¬ she told Bonnie and Matt. Ã¢â¬Å"When we were looking into this field from the Gatehouse of the Seven Treasures. There was a way in from there, so there must be a way to get out to there. We just have to find it.Ã¢â¬ They had begun to clamber to their feet when, without warning, the sharp tugging pain struck again. You read "The Hunters: Phantom Chapter 29" in category "Essay examples" Elena clutched her stomach. Bonnie lost her balance and fel back to a sitting position on the ground, her eyes clenched shut. Matt gave a choked-off exclamation and gasped. Ã¢â¬Å"What is that?Ã¢â¬ Elena waited for the pain to fade again before she answered him. Her knees were wobbling. She felt dizzy and sick. Ã¢â¬Å"Another reason we need to get out of here,Ã¢â¬ she said. Ã¢â¬Å"The phantomÃ¢â¬â¢s using us to increase its power. I think it needs us here to do that. And if we donÃ¢â¬â¢t find the gate soon, we might be too weak to make it home.Ã¢â¬ She looked around again, the uniformity almost dizzying. Each rosebush was centered in a smal circular bed of richlooking dark loam. Between these circles, the grass of the field was velvety smooth, like the lawn of an English manor house or a real y good golf course. Ã¢â¬Å"Okay,Ã¢â¬ Elena said, and took a deep, calming breath. Ã¢â¬Å"LetÃ¢â¬â¢s spread out and look careful y. WeÃ¢â¬â¢l stay about ten feet apart from one another and go from one end of this rose garden to the other, searching. Look around careful y Ã¢â¬â anything thatÃ¢â¬â¢s at al different from the rest of the field could be the clue we need to find the way out.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"WeÃ¢â¬â¢re going to search the whole field?Ã¢â¬ Bonnie asked, sounding dismayed. Ã¢â¬Å"ItÃ¢â¬â¢s huge.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"WeÃ¢â¬â¢l just do one little bit at a time,Ã¢â¬ Elena said encouragingly. They started in a spread-out line, gazing intently back and forth, up and down. At first there was only the silence of focused concentration as they searched. There was no sign of a gate. Step by step through the field, nothing changed. Endless rows of identical rosebushes stretched in al directions, spaced about three feet from one another, enough room between them for one person to easily pass. The eternal midday sun beat down uncomfortably on the tops of their heads, and Elena wiped a bead of sweat from her forehead. The scent of roses hung heavily in the warm air; at first Elena had found it pleasant, but now it was nauseating, like a too-sweet perfume. The perfect stalks of grass bent under her feet, then sprang up again, uncrushed, as if she had never passed. Ã¢â¬Å"I wish there were a breeze,Ã¢â¬ Bonnie complained. Ã¢â¬Å"But I donÃ¢â¬â¢t think the wind ever blows here.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"This field must come to an end sometime,Ã¢â¬ Elena said desperately. Ã¢â¬Å"It canÃ¢â¬â¢t just go on forever.Ã¢â¬ There was a sickening feeling in the pit of her stomach, though, that suggested to her that maybe it could go on forever. This wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t her world, after al . The rules were different here. Ã¢â¬Å"So whereÃ¢â¬â¢s Damon now?Ã¢â¬ Bonnie asked suddenly. She wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t looking at Elena. She was keeping up the same steady pace, the same careful, systematic gaze. But there was a note of strain in her voice, and Elena broke her own search to glance at her quickly. Then one possible answer to BonnieÃ¢â¬â¢s question hit Elena and she stopped dead. Ã¢â¬Å"ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s it!Ã¢â¬ she said. Ã¢â¬Å"Bonnie, Matt, I think Damon might be here. Or not here, not in the rose garden, but somewhere in the Nether World, in the Dark Dimension.Ã¢â¬ They looked at her blankly. Ã¢â¬Å"Damon was going to try to come here to look for the phantom,Ã¢â¬ Elena explained. Ã¢â¬Å"He thought it fol owed us home from here when we came back to our own world, so this is probably where heÃ¢â¬â¢d start searching for its physical body. The last time I saw him, he told me that he thought he would be able to fight it better from here, where it came from. If he is here, maybe he can help us get back to Fel Ã¢â¬Ës Church.Ã¢â¬ Damon, please be here somewhere. Please help us, she begged silently. Just then, something caught her eye. Ahead of them, between two rosebushes that looked just the same as any other two rosebushes in the garden, there was the slightest shift, the tiniest distortion. It looked like the heat shimmer that would sometimes appear over the highway on the hottest, most stil days of summer as the sunÃ¢â¬â¢s rays bounced off the asphalt. No asphalt here to radiate back the sunÃ¢â¬â¢s heat. But something had to be causing that shimmer. Unless she was imagining it. Were her eyes playing tricks on her, showing her a mirage among the rosebushes? Ã¢â¬Å"Do you see that?Ã¢â¬ she asked the others. Ã¢â¬Å"Over there, just a little to the right?Ã¢â¬ They stopped and peered careful y. Ã¢â¬Å"Maybe?Ã¢â¬ Bonnie said hesitantly. Ã¢â¬Å"I think so,Ã¢â¬ Matt said. Ã¢â¬Å"Like hot air rising, right?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Right,Ã¢â¬ Elena said. She frowned, estimating the distance. Maybe fifteen feet. Ã¢â¬Å"We should take it at a run,Ã¢â¬ she said. Ã¢â¬Å"In case we have any trouble getting through. There might be some kind of barrier we have to break to get out. I donÃ¢â¬â¢t think hesitating wil help us.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"LetÃ¢â¬â¢s hold hands,Ã¢â¬ Bonnie suggested nervously. Ã¢â¬Å"I donÃ¢â¬â¢t want to lose you guys.Ã¢â¬ Elena didnÃ¢â¬â¢t take her eyes off the shimmer in the air. If she lost it, sheÃ¢â¬â¢d never find it again, not with the sameness of everything in here. Once they got turned around, theyÃ¢â¬â¢d never be able to tel this spot from any other. They al three took one anotherÃ¢â¬â¢s hands, staring at the smal distortion that they hoped was a gate. Bonnie was in the middle and she clutched ElenaÃ¢â¬â¢s left hand with her thin, warm fingers. Ã¢â¬Å"One, two, three, go,Ã¢â¬ Bonnie said, and then they were running. They stumbled over the grass, wove between rosebushes. The space between the bushes was barely wide enough for three to run abreast, and a thorny branch caught in ElenaÃ¢â¬â¢s hair. She couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t let go of Bonnie and she couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t stop, so she just yanked her head forward despite the eye-wateringly painful tug on her hair and kept running, leaving a tangle of hair hanging from a bush behind her. Then they were at the shimmer between the bushes. Close up, it was even harder to see, and Elena would have doubted that they were at the right spot except for the change in the temperature. It might have looked like a heat shimmer from a distance, but it was as cold and bracing as a mountain lake, despite the warm sun right above them. Ã¢â¬Å"DonÃ¢â¬â¢t stop!Ã¢â¬ Elena shouted. And they plunged into the coldness. In an instant, everything went black, as if someone had switched off the sun. Elena felt herself fal ing and clung desperately to BonnieÃ¢â¬â¢s hand. Damon! she cried silently. Help me! How to cite The Hunters: Phantom Chapter 29, Essay examples
Saturday, December 7, 2019
Every person in this world has their own distinctive personality and behavior. People may wonder why an individual may act the way they do. Thus psychologists had put this into a study of whether an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s behaviors are caused by hereditary or the environment. This study is known as the nature-nurture debate. This essay will discuss the difference between nature vs nurture, which one applies to me, and how it influenced me in my life. This controversial debate has existed since 1869, when the phrase Nature Versus Nurture was coined by the English polymath, Francis Galton. Throughout different time periods, this controversy continued with two contrasting scientists leading the debate. During the Greek Classical period, Plato, who favored nature meaning the genetic influence on the individualÃ¢â¬â¢s behavior that relies mostly on traits that you inherit. While Aristotle, who favored nurture meaning the effect the environment has on that individual which relies mostly on time spent improving a skill set, for example influence of parents or friends. Is man a product of his environment or is personality development solely dependent on genetic makeup? Is man a product of his environment or is personality development solely dependent on genetic makeup? What are the reasons that have led to the nurture versus nature debate? What are the positive aspects of the nurture versus nature debate? What are some the negative implications brought to light by this debate? Have there been any findings to say whether or not nurture affects ones personality? Based on my research, what are my conclusions in terms of the effects of nurture versus nature debate on society? Nature versus nurture debate is a psychology term related to whether heredity or the environment most impacts human psychological development (behavior, habits, intelligence, personality, sexuality and so on). Is man a product of his environment or is personality development solely dependent on genetic makeup? The nature versus nurture is a debate concerning the relative importance of an individuals innate qualities (nature, i.e. nativism, or innatism) versus personal experiences (nurture, i. e. empiricism or behaviorism) in determining or causing individual differences in physical and behavioral traits. Nature is generally the coding of genes in each cell in humans which determine the different traits that we have, more dominantly on the physical attributes like eye color, hair color, ear size, height, and other traits. However, it is still not clear whether the more abstract attributes like personality, intelligence, sexual orientation, likes and dislikes are gene-coded in our DNA also. One of the most burning issues against nature theory is that there may be an existing gay gene, which explains that gays are actually born that way. Another issue says that criminal acts, tendency to divorce and aggressive behavior causing abuse can be justified by the behavioral genes once the researchers have proven their existence. On the other hand, the behavioral genes are somewhat proven to exist when we take a look at fraternal twins. When fraternal twins are reared apart, they show the same similarities in behavior and response as if they were raised together. The nurture theory says that genetic influence over abstract traits may exist; however, the environmental factors are the real origins of our behavior. This includes the use of conditioning in order to induce a new behavior to a child, or alter an unlikely behavior being shown by the child. According to John Watson, one of the strongest psychologists who propose environmental learning as a dominating side in the nature versus nurture debate, once said that he can be able to train a baby randomly chosen in a group of 12 infants, to become any type of specialist he (Watson) wants. He stated that he could train them to be such regardless of the childs potentialities, talents and race. Although it is true that fraternal twins raised apart have remarkable similarities in most respects, still the intervention of the environment have caused several differences in the way they behave. The nature versus nurture debate goes on and on, but still, it is a fact that we have traits that are predetermined by our genes, but we can still choose who we want to be as we travel through our lifetime. Ã¢â¬Å"Flanagan (2002) explored the Minnesota study in which a set of twins was raised separately. The Minnesota twin study concluded that on multiple measures of personality and temperament, occupational and leisure-time interests and social attitudes, mono-zygotic twins reared apart are about as similar as are mono-zygotic twins reared together (Flanagan). This is a prime example that nature plays a significant role in our development. In another instance a study was conducted about adopted babies. Families with adopted children share the same environment, but not the same genetic code (Flanagan, 2002). The Texas Adoption Project found little similarity between adopted children and their siblings, and greater similarity between adopted children and their biological parents (Flanagan). This example also shows how important the role of nature plays on a childs development. The Texas Adoption Project found little similarity between adopted children and their siblings, and greater similarity between adopted children and their biological parents (Flanagan). This example also shows how important the role of nature plays on a childs development. Knowing that nature plays a role in a childs development, educators can use this to determine possible disabilities. For example, if two parents have a reading disability, it is more likely that their child may develop a reading disability as well. It gives teachers a heads up on what to look out for. This can help educators be proactive and intervene at earlier ages. The influence of a persons environment on their behavior is a very commonly accepted factor. The question is how much the environment can affect the behavior and abilities of a person. Some basic factors such as nutrition can be shown to have an important influence on the abilities of a person. It has also been demonstrated that fears, through the experiences of children, can be learned. Most importantly, some behaviors, if not learned from the environment, will never develop. Environment plays a significant role in development as humans. When considering a persons environment in influencing ability, nutrition plays an important example. In one study, a group of children were given vitamin and mineral supplements for eight months. They were given intelligence tests before and after the eight-month treatment. The result was improvements in scores as compared to another group whom we not given vitamin and mineral supplements (Nature vs. Nurture, 2001). The results suggest that environment plays a role in the intellectual ability of people. It is not an illogical leap to understand this will probably extend to physical abilities as well. Another example of environmental influences in the behavior of people comes from a study done to an infant of 11 months. The infant was subjected to a terrible noise whenever he attempted to touch a white rat in the room with him. The child later displayed fear whenever he came in contact with anything white or furry (Nature vs. Nurture, 2001). Ã¢â¬ A last example of environmental influences in behavior comes from France in 1799. A boy of 12 or 13 was found running with wolves. When he was discovered he was brought back into society. He never developed as a normal human and had tremendous difficulties in society (Nature vs. Nurture, 2001). This suggests that much of what we consider human behavior is socially learned. While no one would suggest that nurture is the only factor that needs to be considered in discussing behavior, it is definitely a significant factor in how we behave as humans. By ignoring the environment, we would miss a large part of what shapes and guides us in life. As stated in the third paragraph John B. Watson, the first prominent behaviorist, noticed that real-life parents arent very systematic in the way they condition their childrens responses and offered to demonstrate how to do the job properly. The demonstration would involve rearing twelve young humans under carefully controlled laboratory conditions. John said, Ã¢â¬Å"Give me a dozen healthy infants, well-formed, and my own specified world to bring them up in and Ill guarantee to take any one at random and train him to become any type of specialist I might selectdoctor, lawyer, artist, merchant-chief, and, yes, even beggar-man and thief, regardless of his talents, penchants, tendencies, abilities, vocations, and race of his ancestorsÃ¢â¬ . Fortunately for the dozen babies, no one took Watson up on his proposal. To this day, there are probably some aging behaviorists who think he could have pulled it off, if only he had had the funding. But in fact it was an empty boastWatson wouldnt have had the foggiest idea of how to fulfill his guarantee. In his book Psychological Care of Infant and Child he had lots of recommendations to parents on how to keep their children from being spoiled and how to make them fearless and self-reliant (you leave them alone and avoid showing them affection), but there were no suggestions on how to raise childrens IQs by twenty points, which would seem to be an important step toward getting them into medical or law school, in preparation for the first two occupations on Watsons list. Nor were there any guidelines for how to make them choose medicine over law, or vice versa. When it got right down to it, the only thing John Watson had succeeded in doing was to produce conditioned fear of furry animals in an infant named Albert, by making a loud noise whenever little Albert reached for a rabbit. Although this training no doubt discouraged Albert from growing up with the idea of becoming a veterinarian, he still had plenty of other career options to choose from. A more promising behavioristic approach was that of B. F. Skinner, who talked about reinforcing responses rather than conditioning them. This was a far more useful method because it didnt have to make do with responses the child was born withit could create new responses, by reinforcing (with rewards such as food or praise) closer and closer approximations to the desired behavior. In theory, one could produce a doctor by rewarding a kid for bandaging a friends wounds, a lawyer by rewarding the kid for threatening to sue the manufacturer of the bike the friend fell off, but what about the third occupation on Watsons list, artist? Research done in the 1970s showed that you can get children to paint lots of pictures simply by rewarding them with candy or gold stars for doing so. But the rewards had a curious effect: as soon as they were discontinued, the children stopped painting pictures. They painted fewer pictures, once they were no longer being rewarded, than children who had never gotten any rewards for putting felt-tip pen to paper. Although subsequent studies have shown that it is possible to administer rewards without these negative after effects, the results are difficult to predict because they depend on subtle variations in the nature and timing of the reward and on the personality of the reward. In conclusion, both sides of the nature/nurture debate present evidence which supports its impact on development. Studies have shown that heredity is a major factor in developmental similarities among twins raised separately (Flanagan 2002). Studies have also shown that nutrition plays a significant role in cognitive development (Nature vs. Nurture, 2001). Most experts agree that most aspects of a childs development are a product of the interaction of both nurture and nature (Bee, 2004). Interestingly, in recent years, new technology has enabled scientists to gain a deeper understanding of the genetic component of development, increasing interest on this side of the debate (Bee). Although no longer an all or nothing issue, the extent to which nature and nurture affect development will likely be debated for years to come. I personally think that both nature and nurture has grandiose effects on oneÃ¢â¬â¢s personal development. Both are them play a very important role in the shaping of an individuals and are both to be seen equally as they complement each other.
Friday, November 29, 2019
HOW TO RUN A KICK-OFF MEETING FOR A WRITING PROJECT: THE KICK-OFF CALL In our previous blog, we discussed the importance of running a kick-off meeting when starting a new project. However, if, as in many large, dispersed organizations, it turns out that the meeting participants are in different locations, the kick-off meeting will have to be a call. While the concept of the kick-off call follows the same basic principals as the in-person kick-off meeting, there are a few differences. Before the Call First, invite participants using a scheduling and audiotaping app. Next, prepare an outline (or agenda) of what you intend to cover, including a list of questions for the client, and share it with the other team members who will be on the call. (This outline will come in handy when taking notes during the call.) You should also familiarize yourself with any materials the client has already provided and share this as well. The Call Introduce yourself and your team. Explain your role and theirs. Set the tone by reviewing the goals for the call and the order in which topics will be covered. Lead the call. Have your outline and list of questions ready. Announce you will be taking notes. This will help explain any silences on the phone and signal that you value everything the client will have to say.(You do not want the client to equate silence with incompetence and lose confidence before the project starts.) If you are physically busy, narrate what you are doing (remember they canÃ¢â¬â¢t see you!) If youÃ¢â¬â¢re catching up with notes, say Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m sorry hold on one second, IÃ¢â¬â¢m taking a note.Ã¢â¬ If youÃ¢â¬â¢re trying frantically to find the website they are talking about, say Ã¢â¬Å"Give me one second, the website is loading.Ã¢â¬ If you arenÃ¢â¬â¢t sure what to say next, use a couple stalling tactics. Ã¢â¬Å"Ok, give me second to check my notes and see what I still need to ask.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Does anyone else on the call have any questions, while I check my notes?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Am I missing anything I need to know?Ã¢â¬ DonÃ¢â¬â¢t let the client take over the call. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t rephrase your questions, and donÃ¢â¬â¢t overexplain. If you are feeling like the client is getting impatient, make sure they recognize the benefit: Ã¢â¬Å"I want to make sure I get this right, so I donÃ¢â¬â¢t have to ask you again.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I want to make sure I understand this, so I ensure the best product.Ã¢â¬ Keep to questions not easily answered via email. For example, donÃ¢â¬â¢t waste the clientÃ¢â¬â¢s time getting details like exact spellings of names and alternate phone numbers; do confirm the primary contact person Ã¢â¬â who may not be the person on the kick-off call! Let the client speak! Never interrupt the client. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t be afraid, however, to ask questions until you are sure you understand what the client wants. Explain the writing process. Describe the difference between big picture and little picture edits, and why proofing always happens at the end. End with next steps and specific action items. Always end the call by reiterating next steps for each party. YOU will send me/us XXX and I/WE will do YYY. Send an email recapping the call within 24 hours. If possible, send the email the same day. ThereÃ¢â¬â¢s no need to summarize the call verbatim. (If you used an app like Uber Conference, you will have a recording of the call to refer to if needed.) Stick to the key points the client raised, the next steps, and the action items.
Monday, November 25, 2019
Gender Stereotypes on Television Television advertisement perpetuates gender stereotypes through their advertising. This is through reinforcing the traditional gender roles assigned by the society. The traditional stereotypes about being a man is being business minded, tough, independent while being a woman means being passive, sensitive, and submissive, having beauty, elegance a good homemaker.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Gender Stereotypes on Television specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Television commercials are most likely to be run at the time when the advertisers think the target audience is watching television to sell their products. For instance, during daytime advertisers will run commercials about food, beauty products cleaning agents and so on in soap operas or dramas that have more women viewers than men viewers have. On the other hand, in sports programs commercials for things such as beer, vehicles and property are run because the a udience for such programs are mostly men. Gender stereotyping in television commercials is a topic that has generated a huge debate and it is an important topic to explore to find out how gender roles in voice-overs TV commercials and the type of products they are selling to the public are related. From many findings, it is clear that advertisers use gender to sell different products during different times in broadcasting. Many studies in content analysis have been done on television commercials. The studies have focused on gender stereotyping but many have ignored the economic motivation behind the stereotyping in commercials. Advertisers want to make most of their advertisement and run the ads when the target audience is likely to be watching certain television programs. For example during soap operas advertisers will run ads on things like diapers. This product is hardly seen during programs watched mostly by men for instance sporting programs. While some advertisers may not cons ider the age and sex of the audience some do so because it is cost effective as they are able to reach most people in the target group using one commercial (Craig 1). Gender roles stereotyping comes in when advertisers choose to run ads on products aimed at women during daytime. This is considered the best time to reach this target group, as most women are likely to be at home taking care of their children or just housekeeping. These young women are more likely to buy the products advertised than the older women who are largely ignored by the advertisements, as they are not considered as big buyers. During prime time, the advertisements changed and target women who usually work. To make the advertisement more economical; advertisers run ads that target a wider audience of both men and women. Thus during this time products that appeal to both gender are more likely to be advertised. During the weekend most television stations run sporting events, they are mainly targeted at men, and thus products aimed at men are advertised during these programs. Products such as cars, beer are advertised (Craig 1).Advertising Looking for essay on gender studies? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It is also important to note that television programs are also gendered. There are programs created primarily with a specific gender in mind. During these programs, the advertisers get a good opportunity to sell their products to their target audience. The programs are made in such a way that they help to sell the products being advertised. This is achieved by portraying the characters in the programs with traits that are desirable to the target audience. This in turn makes the target audience desire those traits and thus are more likely to buy products advertised during such times (Craig 3). For example, men are portrayed as dominant, autonomous; in occupations that are prestigious on the other hand, women are shown as c aring, compliant or in domestic settings. Therefore, women will be shown in ads about domestic products while men will often advertise outdoor products or business related products (Chandler 1). In voice-overs, the gender stereotypes are reinforced and maintained. The program or advertisements makers use voice-overs that represent the products they are advertising and that fit the societyÃ¢â¬â¢s stereotype of gender roles. In voice-overs, regarding authority male voice-overs are used. The males do voice-overs for products that are masculine in nature. The male voice-overs are also used in various product advertisements unlike their female counterparts who are mostly used in doing voice-overs for domestic products such as food, cleaning agents or female beauty products. The female voice-overs are often gentle, sensitive, and dependent or even submissive (Chandler 1). If men are used in advertising home products, they are often shown as being unable to handle the task. For example, a man may be unable to operate a washing machine and a woman comes over and shows him how to use it with so much ease. This advertisement although not breaking from tradition and having a man advertise at the end a woman comes and she is the one who is able to run the washing machine successfully thus reinforcing the traditional gender roles that homes are best run by women as men cannot be good homemakers. On the contrary, advertisements about men have male figures that work very hard. These males are often rewarded with a beer at the end of a dayÃ¢â¬â¢s hard work.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Gender Stereotypes on Television specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The stereotype type being propagated in such an ad is that men work very hard outdoors or in businesses and thus need a reward at the end of the day. Some ads may also show a man who is successful as having many women and thus reinforces they notion that a man can have a woman as long as he works hard. This kind of ads objectify women (Limpinnian 1). We are in the 21st century and even though the role of women has shifted drastically from that of being care givers to professionals the stereotypes still persist in television advertisement. This may be attributed to the patriarchal society in which males dominant every aspect of life. Interesting enough children tend to learn these stereotypes from the advertisement they see on television. Girls are often used in fewer ads than boys are and in those advertisements that are used to portray the traditional roles of women. For example, the girls will be used in doll ads or in cooking fat ads to show that their role is in the home. Conversely, boys are portrayed in ads as being care free with toys cars and tough. This means that the boys and girls grow up to fit into gender behaviors shown in the advertisements (Bradway 1). Finally, the gender roles in voice-overs in television commercials and the type of products advertised by different genders all seem to reinforce the traditional stereotypes. The advertisers do not want to shift from gendered advertising because they would not want to upset the status quo in the society as the products they produce are produced with a target market in mind. Bradway, Jacquelyn. Stereotypical Gender Roles Portrayed in Childrens Television Commercials. Web. Chandler, Daniel. Television and Gender Roles. Web.Advertising Looking for essay on gender studies? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Craig, Steve. MenÃ¢â¬â¢s men and WomenÃ¢â¬â¢s Women: How TV Commercials Portray Gender to Different Audiences. Web. Limpinnian, Danielle. The Portrayal of Men and Women in TV Ads. Web.
Friday, November 22, 2019
English - Essay Example The effect is devastating to health. One out of three children who were born from 2000 will contact early onset of diabetes and among the minorities, that will be one in two or 50 %. Outbreaks of E-coli are already common that takes toll to our health due to unnatural way of growing and processing this foods which are demanded by fast foods. Second Paragraph: Hidden Cost in Encouraging Locally Produced Food (perhaps you have to re-evaluate this, I saw the movie and this does not fit) The hidden cost in encouraging locally produced food is that is that it is more healthy because it is grown by farmers in the natural way and as such organic and healthy. When the food that you buy does not have to travel that long, no preservatives are added to it to store it longer. It will also discourage multinational corporations, especially the fast food corporations, to control and demand how the food industry should be produced. When their control is weaken in the food industry by encouraging loc ally produced food, the mechanization of the food industry will also be discouraged. Third Paraghraph: Hidden Cost in Encouraging Others to Shop Locally Shopping locally will create demand for the local produce of the farmers and will make their products more viable in the market. As the movie puts it, the answer should not be David fighting Goliath but local producers should be like Goliath.
Wednesday, November 20, 2019
Change in Retirement since life expectancy increased - Essay Example Americans are living longer and therefore financial security becomes imperative. It is coming to a point where investment plans need to be addressed on the day when one gets the first job. Retirement planning is becoming a matter of significance as it is this saving that prevents an individual from facing financial hazard. People who have been working all through their lives are aware and keep themselves fit and busy as long as they can even in the late seventies. On the other hand, some individuals face financial crisis and then in old age they look for some source of earning to fulfill their needs for day-to-day activities as well as to meet their health expenses. Observation reveals that some of the retired individuals get only meager from their retirement savings and so they work more in old age to fulfill their necessities. In certain cases if individuals entered late in work force they may not have saved enough and therefore they have to work till the later age. Appropriate financial planning is therefore important to secure the
Monday, November 18, 2019
Position Statements (Outline) - Essay Example Wal-Mart sells Chinese manufactured products due to which local manufacturers have experienced a decrease in demand and this has led to shutdown of manufacturing plants which in turn leads to unemployment in manufacturing sector. i. According to Redovich, when federal agencies conducted a raid on Wal-Mart, they figured out that the organization is hiring illegal immigrants who charge less and work without health benefits (Redovich 41). Due to this the likely hood of US citizens getting a better paying job at Wal-Mart decreases. 5. Wal-Mart is one of the oldest and one of the largest retailing businesses within US and it has provided various benefits to the US economy including: increased tax contribution, increased employment levels, better wage rates, higher amount of benefits, environment friendly operations and higher number of choices of goods for consumers. Mitchell, Stacy. "Wal-Mart to Create 22,000 Jobs Ã¢â¬â and Destroy Many Thousands More | Institute for Local Self-Reliance." Institute for Local Self-Reliance. N.p., 12 June 2009. Web. 23 Nov. 2012.
Saturday, November 16, 2019
Alternatives for Capitalism in a Globalised Economy Essential for globalized economy: Communism or Capitalism In this globalized economy now it is a big question for us that, what is the perfect economic system: communism or capitalism? By globalization we can understand cross boarder market. There is an international exchange of labor forces, ideas, capitals, knowledge, products, and services. Now we will focus on capitalism and communism and try to find out that in this globalized economy capitalism or communism, what is best suited? Is Communism applicable in globalized economy? Communism is a concept, in that ownership of land, capital and industry cannot be owned or controlled by the individual. However, under Communism the control of these things is not by a local community but by the State Government. Under this system the government has total control of everything produced and control what is made, and who will receive the goods and services produced. Under this system you are not allowed to own your own home, your own car, your own furniture, or even the food you eat. The State decides what you can use and where you will work. So, we think it is an obstacle for global economy. Because if the country determine what will be produced, how will be produced and for whom will be produced, then developed countries may notbe interested to invest in that country. At the same time Communism kills the will to work, competition, innovation and creativity, where these are the main characteristics of a worker in this modern globalized economy. Why compete to work? You wont make any more money. Why spend time innovating new ideas, or being creative, there wont be anything in it for me. As a result they fail to provide goods and services for their citizens. The Soviet Eastern Communist countries of the 20th century were noted for not having much goods and services for their citizens. Yet, the ruling class always had plenty of everything, and it was usually imported from capitalist countries. While we have rich people in America, we also have a large middle class that live comfortable lives. Even many if not most poor people in America have refrigerators, TVs, and food on the table. Since Communism controls all goods and services, the individual is at the total mercy of the State. You have no rights except those granted by the State. The old Soviet Union was a police state, with total control over its citizens.West Germany was full of cars on the Autobahns. The streets in East Germany were mostly empty, with an occasional person on bicycle, even in the middle of winter. Freedom of travel is restricted in a Communist State because they control who gets what and for how long. If you were lucky enough to get a car in East Germany, it was usually a worthless piece of junk. But, we may face a question that if communism creates hindrance to global economy, then how China runs its global economy as we know it is a communist country? Then our answer will beÃ¢â¬ ¦ While ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s government may be officially communist, the Chinese people express widespread support for capitalism. And since 2002, the Chinese have been one of the strongest proponents of capitalism, even more so than Americans and Western Europeans. During last 30-35 years China has brought enormous changes to its economy. In the late 1970s, the government started opening the economy to foreign investment and privatization. With these changes came sky-high economic growth Ã¢â¬â an average of 10% since 1980. And now about 76% people of China agree that most people are better off in a free market economy. Listverse showed 10 benefits of Capitalism: Happiness If you look at this happiness map published by scholars from the University of Leicester, you can clearly see that the foremost democratic, capitalist countries like the USA, Canada, New Zealand and the whole of Europe are the happiest in the world. This is because in these countries, thanks to the free-market, whatever products people want, they can get. ViableAlternatives Perhaps the strongest argument working in favor of democratic capitalism is that there is no alternative politico-economic system which has proved itself to work in our modern age. Almost every attempted implementation of communism has failed (China Ã¢â¬â abandoned total communism long ago and are slowly creeping towards capitalism). America became socialist and imposed many strong measures on corporations to regulate their behavior, the largest companies (Trans-National Corporations) would most likely move their industry elsewhere, and potential entrepreneurs would be scared to invest in capital, irreparably damaging AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s economy. So as you can see, changing the economic system isnÃ¢â¬â¢t even an option. Growth Capitalism allows the economy to grow exponentially. It is a basic fact of economics that the more money a firm makes, the more it can invest in production, and the more it invests in production, the more money it makes. So long as no unfortunate events befall the firm, this growth can, obviously, continue indefinitely. Many see a problem arising with this: there are only a finite, or Ã¢â¬ËscarceÃ¢â¬â¢ amount of resources on Earth, so this huge growth of production will one day run to a halt. Health There is greater awareness than ever of the importance of fitness due to government campaigns. All of these contribute to an extremely fit society, and, in desperation, one can always resort to liposuction or some other sort of surgery. Social Good It might seem at first glance that everyone is selfishly working for their own money, but dig a little deeper and it becomes apparent that every job has a benefit for someone else. Factory workers produce the products that we canÃ¢â¬â¢t live without; hairdressers perform a service that benefits us body and soul; and the police work to protect us and make sure we live in a lawful society. Even unpopular and Ã¢â¬ËoverpaidÃ¢â¬â¢ professions such as city bankers and sportsmen have a positive effect on society, whether it be helping us manage our money, entertainment or something else. Equality No matter where you start in life, everyone has an opportunity to make it big. The basic principle is that the harder you work, the greater your reward. Human Nature Being the Best Freedom Built on Democracy (Nunno, Jed Rachael, 2014) An authoritarian communist party controls Vietnam. Its true. But its founding ideology appears all but gone from the hearts of Vietnams people. Vietnam, in fact, may actually be one of the most pro-capitalist countries on Earth. Almost all Vietnamese people Ã¢â¬â 95% of them Ã¢â¬â now support capitalism, according to the Pew Research Center, which polled nearly 45 nations late last year on economic issues. No other country in the poll cracked 90%. Even in the United States Ã¢â¬â where socialist can be used as an insult Ã¢â¬â only 70% agreed that a free market economy is the best kind of economy. (Winn, 2015) References Nunno, Jed Rachael, 2014. Listverse. [Online] Available at: http://listverse.com/2010/12/24/top-10-greatest-benefits-of-capitalism/ [Accessed 24 April 2015]. Simmons, K., Spring, 2014. Global Attitude Survey, Washington, DC: PEW Research Center. Winn, P., 2015. USA TODAY. [Online] Available at: http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/world/2015/03/13/vietnam-capitalism-global-post/70261770/ [Accessed 24 April 2015].
Wednesday, November 13, 2019
Living the Holocaust by the Survivors World War II ended in Europe on May 7, 1945, but to many survivors of the Holocaust, the war would remain with them for the rest of their lives. Not only had it brutally stripped them of their families, but also of their own humanity. As the survivors came to realizations that their families would not return to them and the initial hardships of returning to a normative life wore off, the memories of the concentration camps and the shock of brutal separation from family came flooding back into their minds. These memories often caused radical change in mental behavior and, to a degree, somaticized themselves into the Ã¢â¬Å"survivorÃ¢â¬â¢s syndrome.Ã¢â¬ (Niederland 14) The symptoms seen in Ã¢â¬Å"survivorÃ¢â¬â¢s syndromeÃ¢â¬ are what would normally be seen in a typical patient of post-traumatic stress disorder: psychological Ã¢â¬Å"imprintÃ¢â¬ of the disaster, anxiety, guilt, a degree of somatization, etc. (12-13). These personality changes would persist even in the rearing of the children of the survivors, to which Melvin Bukiet referred as the Ã¢â¬Å"Second GenerationÃ¢â¬ . (13) The children wondered why their parents were not like other adults in terms of personality, behavioral quirks, obsessions, and having tattooed numbers. (14) As the Second Generation realized why their parents were the way they were, it began to feel a sense of sharing the inheritance and tried to develop coping mechanisms, such as writing and retelling, to carry on the message of their parents. (16) Art Spiegelman has developed a unique method of retelling the story of his father, Vladek, as well as his ownÃ¢â¬âof his tense relationship with Vladek and his personal problems. In Maus, Spiegelman uses cartoon strips to dramatize these ... ...ut that personÃ¢â¬â¢s life, even branching into family life, this genre helps Artie to find his own place in history and to what degree he Ã¢â¬Å"ownsÃ¢â¬ it. In these respects, he is truly a Ã¢â¬Å"real survivorÃ¢â¬ (44) in that for him, Ã¢â¬Å"the beginning was Auschwitz.Ã¢â¬ (Bukiet 13) Works Cited Bukiet, Melvin Jules. Nothing Makes You Free. New York: W.W. Norton and Co., 2002. Nielander, William G., M.D. Ã¢â¬Å"The Psychiatric Evaluation of Emotional Disorders in Survivors of Nazi Persecution.Ã¢â¬ Massive Psychic Trauma. New York: International Universities Press, Inc., 1969. Spiegelman, Art. Maus: a SurvivorÃ¢â¬â¢s Tale. I: My Father Bleeds History. New York: Pantheon Books, 1986. Spiegelman, Art. Maus: a SurvivorÃ¢â¬â¢s Tale. II: And Here My Troubles Began. New York: Pantheon Books, 1992. Trautman, (first name not known). Psychopathology of Concentration Camp Victims.
Monday, November 11, 2019
Human Relations: A Personal Experience Allison R. West Introduction to Graduate Studies in Human Relations 12/4/13 While reading Modern Human Relations at Work I found information that I pretty much expected to find in a book on this subject. I found some specific studies that I had not read about before and ideals that I found to be true in theory, but not so much in practice. The standard questions of whether a happy worker is a productive worker and do open door policies work were addressed. Ten years ago I would have read this text book in a much different manner, with a completely different erspective than I do today.I may have viewed the ideals of organizational human relations with some sort of hope that people can actually work in environments where there are superiors and subordinates can maintain a sense of respect and humanity towards one another, but that has not always been my experience. The old expression Ã¢â¬Å"it's lonely at the topÃ¢â¬ can be interpreted in sever al ways; there are not many top dogs out there, or that the higher you go the less time you have to mingle with the lowly, or the less you really care to, or the misguided belief that you should have a self-imposed separation .Whatever the meaning or reason one thing is true to my understanding; organizations are truly not classless societies and while they, in theory, should understand human relations better than anyone, they practice very little of what they profess to preach. I do not mean to give the impression that I do not understand the need for hierarchies and the important role they play in efficient organizations, it is not the paradigm, but the players, with which I take issue.In this paper I would like to address the two areas that were of greatest interest to me as they apply to my experiences working within large organizations. The first area referred to the fundamentals of human relations and included a study conducted by the Hawthorne plant of Western Electric in Ill inois that I found interesting. The second discussed the management of conflict between individuals and organizations and included exercises that companies can use to build stronger relationships between botn I wou d like to snare my thoughts on these areas trom both theoretical and practical stand points.The book defined human relations as follows: Ã¢â¬Å"The process by which management brings workers into contact with the organization in such a way that the objectives of oth groups are achieved is human relationsÃ¢â¬ (pg. 5) and takes the point of view of the manager. While the company and the worker share a common purpose of being successful and making money, the worker also has goals that the company may or may not be aware of or concerned with. Successful human relations addresses both the company and the worker and finds a satisfactory solution to all needs.This, in my opinion, is where most companies don't seem to be able to get it right. It is not enough for an organizati on to say that they care about their workers, what their needs are, what their opinions are and how they can best use their talents to nhance the organization, there has to be follow through and this is what usually does not happen. You only have to look at a company's turnover of employees to get a good idea of their attitude towards human relations. I spent 10 years working for an organization that truly did not care at all about their workers, though they professed to.It is my experience with this particular organization, which I will call Agency X that I will be referring to in this paper. Agency X has a high turnover for several reasons, one of which is the amount of stress that comes with the Job and the econd is the response, or lack thereof, on the part of the agency to try and understand, alleviate, or even acknowledge the fact that the needs of the workers are not being met. So while I read through the book, I suppose I was more Jaded and had a more pessimistic attitude th an I should have, but I truly believe that few companies actually care about human relations in practice.I found the Hawthorne studies interesting in that it showed that a worker who feels that they are valued and has some level of relationship with those they work with is productive and that the quality of the supervision they receive effects the uality and quantity of their work (pg. 9). When I worked for Agency X I was a case manager for 4 years and had a supervisor who truly cared and was concerned for the well-being of her workers and the impact the Job was having on us. This supervisor did a good Job of shielding us from the bureaucratic issues that came from above.She believed that the quality of services to clients and the needs of the workers were both equally as important. After 4 years she changed Jobs and I was promoted to her position, it was at this same time that our contract was obtained by another big agency and suddenly things changed. While I continued to supervis e in the way I had been taught, ensuring that what needed to be done was done, that clients were receiving the best possible services and that workers were not burning out and were taking care of themselves I began to see the differences in field work and middle management.I was accused of babying my workers whenever I tried to make things a little easier for them. It is important to note that we worked with abused children and families in volatile situations that required a tremendous amount of travel and field time (we were not child welfare). Let me give an example of a worker who was close to burning out. We had both been at a home in the country where the situation became fragile and volatile and we decided that it was best to leave.After we had driven away (we took separate cars) my worker pulled over to the side of the road and just sat there. I pulled in behind ner and Just watched tor a tew seconds wondering if she was going to get out of the car, but she did not. I walked up to her window to find her in tears. I allowed her to vent her feelings and frustrations and finally I suggested to her that she go home for the rest of the day (it was early Friday afternoon) and spend time with her daughters and not think about work until Monday morning.I told my worker that we would meet in my office on the Monday and talk about what we needed to do make sure her needs and the needs of the client were being met. While this was an appropriate solution to me, I was then Ã¢â¬Å"counseledÃ¢â¬ as I told my worker to go home when she had not filled out a Ã¢â¬Å"request for leaveÃ¢â¬ form. That was my first indication that Agency X did not care at all about my worker, all they cared about was a piece of paper that they would not have received until timesheets were turned in the following week anyway.So I took that hit, signed y piece of paper that said I was a bad supervisor that day and never said a word to my worker about it. Human relations works at a worker level and even at a middle management level if you have a supervisor who gives a damn about you, but it is only a slogan on a poster for those in upper management. The human resources model outlined on page 11 of our book gives 4 systems that an agency can fall into when dealing with human relations. I feel that an agency can fall into several systems at one time.I think those in middle management still see their workers as valuable assets that should not be easily discarded. Middle anagement have better relationships with their workers and probably fall between system 3 (consultive democratic) and system 4 (participative democratic) depending on how long the subordinate and superior have been working together. Upper management would have you believe that their agency is participative democratic, but they are, in reality, benevolent autocratic (system 2) where condescension and punishment are the main staples of management.It was forced upon me many times that I should separate myse lf from my workers and make sure they understood we were Ã¢â¬Å"not the sameÃ¢â¬ . While I understand that it is not always wise for supervisors o be friends with workers, we do not need to sit in ivory towers looking down on them either. There is a happy medium that upper management ignore. As I progressed in Agency X, I was promoted again to Regional Director and was responsible for services all 16 counties in Southwest Oklahoma. This was my first and only experience with upper management and I have no desire to Ã¢â¬Å"go thereÃ¢â¬ again.
Saturday, November 9, 2019
BA essays Civil Cases - Return to Table of Contents Civil cases are those in which individuals, corporations or government agencies seek to recover damages, enforce their rights or otherwise protect a legal interest from interference by another. Essentially, the civil law enables people to assert or defend their rights in an orderly, nonviolent manner and enables them to resolve legal disputes in a fashion which society finds acceptable. As might be imagined, civil cases encompass a broad range of legal subjects, such as breach of contract, injury to person or property, divorce proceedings and a contest of the validity of a will. In contrast, criminal cases involve a prosecution for violations of statutes that define particular crimes, such as murder or robbery. Because criminal conduct is a breach of the public order and a violation of the public interest, the prosecution is brought on behalf of the people by the state or federal government. The purpose of a civil case will vary depending on the nature of the matter involved. For example, if a person hurt in an automobile accident were to bring an action against the other driver, the object would be to recover damages for the physical injury suffered. Similarly, in a case involving breach of contract, the wronged party might seek to recover money damages caused by the breach or, if feasible, seek to have the other party fulfill the terms of the contract. Or, if a person is trespassing on the property of another, the owner might seek an injunction to prevent that conduct from happening again. Thus, many remedies are available, with the appropriate choice depending upon the circumstances involved. A civil case develops in accordance with procedures that enable it to progress in a logical manner. Assume, for example, that a person believes he has been injured or damaged by another and consults an attorney. The lawyer will first obtain the necessary information from the client, includi...
Wednesday, November 6, 2019
buy custom Psychological Analysis in the Hamlet essay The writer has used a number of themes in the play to bring out the psychological analysis of the play. Depression, disillusionment, and despair are some of the emotions that the young hamlet has to cope with in his attempt to fight off the feelings he is going through as he tries to understand his fathers death. His anguish deepens even further as his mother is engaged in a marriage that is viewed as illicit since, it is incestuous. As he tries to compose himself from the existing pieces of his broken idealism, he knowingly embarks on his efforts to find the truth hidden in Elsinore; this out rightly differs from the case of Claudius fervent intention of finding out the truth behind the murder. The psychological analysis has also revolved around the issue of truth versus deception; it also touches on reality from what is an illusion. The play illustrates on the tribulations that Prince Hamlet goes through on a daily basis as he tries to differentiate one form the other this issue (S hakespeare et al., 71). In the play, there occurs a twist of the norm; that is, apart from the usual things that Hamlet is used to; deception and illusion, in Act2, Scene 2, there develop an honest conversation that takes place between Rosencrantz and Hamlet and Guildenstern. Through the employment of figurative speech and usage of prose, Shakespeare uses this passage to reflect on the Hamlets opinion to the universe and the humanity. In the entire play, there is a careful development on the theme of mendaciousness and illusion. The whole of the Danish royal court is involved in a number of vices; these include lies, espionage, and cases of betrayal. The court is so much corrupt that no one can give his dependent verdict. Polonius wonders how the wise have put away their wisdom and only act without thinking. Thisresulted into grave suffering of the people, due to lack of justice for innocent people, who are poor in the society. In the play as one focuses on Act 2, Scene 2, Lines71-3, there are numerous instances concerning the issue of deception is extremely rampant. The writer clearly brings out these factors by employing the usage formal, poetic language and eloquence. Where deception has been brought out as an ornate subject, then the resulting truth is straightforward and outright. Once the writer is discarding the pretenses of illusion as shown in Act2, Scene2, he resolves to the use of language written in direct prose. For instance, when Hamlet is pleading with Rosencrantz and Guildenstern about their honest intention concerning their arrival, he does so in a direct prose. Rosencrantz and Guildenstern portray an element of foolishness as they go on in revealing their true intention of about their arrival. It is from their response that we come to learn that the King and the Queen had instructed them. Therefore, Hamlet gets the truth that he was searching. It is notable that the writer does not use any poetic devices in this conversation The writer has also been used the theme of madness and melancholy in analyzing the psychological issue that the characters are experiencing. Hamlet hides his make-believe madness as he contemplates on his strategy towards taking his revenge. The true state of his mind is extremely unstable at several instances in the entire play. As such, it becomes particularly impossible to tell when he is sincerely normal. In the play, the writer use Hamlet to bring out other mental disorders suffered by Hamlet, which includes cynical mindset, the habit harshly self-criticizing, melancholy, continuous thought of suicide, cynical mindset and pessimism, depressed mood (Hamlet). In Act 4 Scene 5, the mental condition of Ophelia is extremely unstable. She is unable to hold the information concerning the murder of her father. It becomes particularly unbearable once she learns that her lover had caused the death of her father. This prompts her loose the sense of reality. Her ravings imply the degree of the preoccupation that has affected her mind. She suffers the death of a loved one through the death of her father, and still, on the other hand, she longs for the love her lover (Hamlet) returned. In the play, it is clear that Hamlet also contemplates of committing suicide, but, on the other hand, Ophelia is on a constant verge of taking her own life. The issue of despair also talks more on the psychological condition of the play. A sense of despair is evident where we see the characters questioning death. Hamlet faces this problem after he loses his father. It is here that he realizes life is not permanent, which makes his question himself concerning his own de ath. As is the case in most teens, Hamlet contemplates on committing suicide. He becomes extremely desperate as he tries to weigh options as to whether his actions would be justifiable. His thought of committing suicide does not materialize once he starts contemplating of life after death. In conclusion, numerous themes have been employed by the writer to effective bring the issue of psychological atmosphere among the characters in the play. These themes include; despair, disillusionment, depression, madness, and melancholy. The writer has employed numerous poetic devices that also bring about these themes effectively. Hamlets anguish deepens even further as his mother is engaged in an illicit marriage after the death of his father, which indicates on that Hamlets psychological condition, is extremely unstable. Buy custom Psychological Analysis in the Hamlet essay
Monday, November 4, 2019
The decline of US hegemonic power - Essay Example However, this theory has been under strong criticism from emerging theories such the power transition theory which views parity among a great nation which is a challenger and the dominant nation as the cause of war rather than peace and stability. According to this theory, peace can only be achieved when a greater power surpasses the dominant nation (DÃ¢â¬â¢Anieri, 2009). Since World War II, the US has been the dominant or hegemonic power owing to its enormous wealth and influence in the global scene. However, according to Witkopf (1997) hegemonic periods last approximately 60-90 years. So could America be on the decline owing to the fact that it has been a hegemonic power for over 60yrs? This is what this paper will try to find out. In doing so, it will utilize the levels of analysis in international system to explain the decline of US hegemonic power. These levels of analysis include the individual, state-level and system-level analysis but first, the power transition theory will be expounded further in order to understand how the international system works as opposed to the balance of power theory and levels of analysis. ... The balance of power theory would tell us that the system would be stable as long as the strong nations are at par or are satisfied with the system. The dominant nation influences how the international system operates and makes the rules of the game (DÃ¢â¬â¢Anieri, 2009). For example, the US determines the rules in the system and other nations follow. However, emerging nations may feel left out of the system despite having the capability to be involved in making rules and defending their interests. As such, they challenge the status quo to get a place in running the system. This leads to war as the strong nations defend their status and stability is only achieved when parity is achieved (Wittkopf, 1997). For power transition theorists, stability is impossible when nations are at parity, meaning they have capacity and resources to fight each other. If the challenger nation which is a great power does not have the capacity to fight the dominant nation, it cannot wage war against it u ntil such a time it will have equal power. If it gains more power than the dominant nation, then it has no business waging war against it since it has already acquired the superpower status. The danger is therefore when the transition is taking place. War is inevitable to determine who governs the international system (Tammen, 2000). Since the nations get weary after a power transition, they remain at peace for some time before thinking of engaging in conflict. The status gained after the transition does not last for long as evidenced by previous wars. Rome, Britain and Mongols were once superpowers but their power and dominance declined and US attained the status (Hamraie, 2013). The US is no exception and has
Saturday, November 2, 2019
Research and Practice - Assignment Example From the above explanations, it is clear that research and practice revolves around adult learning. The basics adult learning and research rely on four major areas, which include experiential learning, self-directed learning, learning to learn, and critical reflection (Brookfield, 1995). On a personal point of view, reflective teaching and action research will greatly improve personal skills in teaching. This will in turn improve development students through effective teaching in class leading improved overall performance for both the teacher and the students. Teacher research will unite the practical and theory that is mostly associated with the practice of teaching. Action research involves five major steps, which as a practicing teacher prove to be very helpful. These steps involve planning, then taking into action, carrying out observation, reflecting on the outcome and finally re-planning on a more effective strategy (Kemmis & McTaggart, 1990). It is common for teachers involved in carrying out action research frequently raise their issues and observations reflecting their teaching and their studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ progress. Research therefore enables teachers and educators have an overview of problems and issues affecting their collective areas of interest. Action research therefore, helps teachers be in tune with their students prompting for improved classroom engagement between teacher and
Thursday, October 31, 2019
Information System and Knowledge Management - Essay Example Ans: In Information systems the name of a particular aspect does not represent its identity. It can be catered to several aspects of Information system. In data communication terminology, data is sent across several networks and it faces possible threats of stealing information by intruders. Thus obscuring data is essential and thereby name is hidden from its identity for safety reasons. It is also termed as encryption where the original data or identity is concealed and does not represents its real name. The concept of I-names and IP addresses where the original name is usually hidden with user friendly ones are also a good example. The domain names are usually represented by user friendly names which are in reality numbers which represents a unique address. Domain names are intended to unambiguously associate a name to an IP address. This cultural identity and empowerment comes from seeing communication and identification occurring in a way that seems natural in one's native language. While the bulk of the content on the Internet has been in English, this is increasingly changing. (Christine, 2006) The importance of the distinction is a balanced presentation of whether names should be allowed to represent its identity or not. Online personal spaces which allow a person to be known over the internet are often represented by his identity and his real name is often hidden. For instance, in many cases in these spaces it is difficult to check the validity of the information declared by a user, and therefore to trust the validity of the "displayed" identity (for instance people do not hesitate to change gender in online forums or online games). For instance, a... The importance of the distinction is a balanced presentation of whether names should be allowed to represent its identity or not. Online personal spaces which allow a person to be known over the internet are often represented by his identity and his real name is often hidden. For instance, in many cases in these spaces it is difficult to check the validity of the information declared by a user, and therefore to trust the validity of the Ã¢â¬Å"displayedÃ¢â¬ identity (for instance people do not hesitate to change gender in online forums or online games). For instance, a fantasy world will give an insignificant employee in the real world the opportunity to become a renowned knight, a blog will provide a professor the possibility to become a rock and cultural critic, and a dating system will permit an introvert to overcome his/her shyness in an online world and to engage in some relationships with individuals of the opposite gender. The negative approach to the distinction is that enormous fraud is taking place with regard to identity theft and false impersonation which results in a breach of law and trust. There are several ways in which universal categories obscure important information. In the field of astronomy, it is observed quite a much. The scientific case is itself controversial, but many scientists and philosophers believe in the existence of unobservable, provided the theories that postulate them best explain the observable phenomena under study. For example, many believe the universe contains Ã¢â¬Å"black holes".
Tuesday, October 29, 2019
Energy Drink Essay Since the mid-2000s, demands in the global beverage industry shift from carbonated soft drink to alternative beverages. Because of this market grows rapidly and gives high profit margins, it make changes in beverage manufacturing and encourage new entrant to focus solely on alternative beverages. Alternative beverages segment is comprised of energy drinks, sports drink, and flavored or enhanced water. Each segment has different consumer types and different distribution channel. In developed countries, such as USA, this carbonated soft drink market has reached a mature stage but energy drink and ready-to-drink tea is still inclined. However, beverage industry is steady growth in developing countries. Alternative beverages competed on the basis of differentiation from traditional drinks such as carbonated soft drinks or fruit juices. All energy drink brands attempted to develop brand loyalty based on taste, the energy-boosting properties of their ingredients, and image. The strongest competitive force is buyer because buyer costs to switch brands are low. Consumers will be more prices sensitive and will switch to other product or even other segment. The weakness competitive force is rivalry because of many sellers in this market and diversity in commodities. The high profit margins will make alternative beverage market attract entrants that are more new, also supported by rising demand for the alternative beverage. Energy drinks pricing is 400% higher than carbonated soft drinks. In addition, to create an alternative beverage business needs medium-high capital investment. The market of global beverage industry is projected to grow from $1. 58 trillion in 2009 and forecasted to grow to nearly $1. 78 trillion in 2014 as beverage producers entered new geographic markets, developed new types of beverages, and continued to create demand for popular drinks. It is expect to result from steady growth in the purchasing power of consumers in developing countries. In addition, alternative beverages tended to carry high price points, which made them attractive to both new entrants and established beverage companies. Sport drinks and vitamin-enhanced beverages tended to carry retail prices that were 50 to 75% higher than similar-size carbonated soft drinks and bottled water, while energy drink pricing by volume might be as much as 400% higher than carbonated soft drinks. While the alternative beverage segment of the industry offered opportunities for bottlers, the poor economy had decreased demand for higher-priced beverages, with sales of sports drinks declining by 12. 3%. The Alternative beverages consumer profile varied substantially across the three types of beverages. Then energy drink consumer was a teenage boy, sports drink consumer were purchased by those who engaged in sports, fitness or other strenuous activities. Vitamin-enhanced beverages could substitute for sports drinks but were frequently purchased by adult consumers in increasing their intakes of vitamins. The best position strategic group map is reasonable price and reasonable quality. The worst position is the low price and quality. Now people think about health more than in the past, and they still worry about economic crisis. The alternative beverage chose set strategic group map with answer key we are alternative. We found that key factors, which determine the success of alternative beverage producers,have many factors. First, is Productinnovation, Product Innovation can be done by customizing product ingredient, flavor, packaging, or the benefit that product offer to consumer. Second, Focus in one segment can be the best strategy like Red Bull. Their focus in energy drink segment make them became the market leader in energy drink. Third, there are many type of channel distributor, like supermarkets, natural foods store, wholesale clubs, convenience store, and restaurant. The companyÃ¢â¬â¢schoose is depends on the company resource. Example PepsiCo and Coca Cola were dominating convenience store and special event channel. However, for company with limited resource use third parties channel distribution will has lowest cost in transportation and labor. Fourth, use the right supplier can reduce production cost. The last one is Brand image, the right promotions that really connect with the product image will make the brand and product can penetrate the market.
Sunday, October 27, 2019
Love in the Time of Cholera | Analysis Gabriel Garcia Marquezs Love in the Time of Cholera can be interpreted as a romance novel in which star-crossed lovers meet, are then torn apart, and half a century later fall into bed with one another re-igniting the flame that fate stole from them. However, the romance of Florentino Ariza and Fermina Daza is not one of those stories. What may have initially appeared to be an innocent story about love may not be. M. Keith Booker has demonstrated that the novel provides warnings against gullibility in reading, and indeed, there are several incidents early in Love in the Time of Cholera that inform the reader that appearances can be deceiving. In the novel, love is a sickness; a virus that eats away the substance of a man. The falsehood of love that Florentino Ariza feels is a decaying illness destroying his physical and mental form; turning him into an apparition of welted camellias. The illness was injected into Florentino Ariza as he walked into the Dazas house. It was Ã¢â¬Å"half in ruins,Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"with weeds in the flowerpots and a stone fountain with no water,Ã¢â¬ (54) standing in front. The house signified the sickness to come to Florentino. Flowers throughout the rest of the novel take the impression of the love between Florentino and Fermina, but to miss the setting of the first meeting of the two lovers is to misinterpret the entirety of the novel. The Ã¢â¬Å"weeds in the flowerpotsÃ¢â¬ is the false love they share, the weeds are a valueless plants growing wild, those that grow on the cultivated ground and add injury to the desired crop; which in this case is the love between Florentino and Fermina. The fountain once again represents the emptiness of Florentino and Ferminas love as well as Florentino himself. From first seeing Fermina in the house on Florentino Ã¢â¬Å"began his secret life as a solitary hunterÃ¢â¬ in which he sat underneat h Ã¢â¬Å"the shade of the almond trees.Ã¢â¬ (56, 56) The scent almonds is the scent Ã¢â¬Å"of the fate of unrequited love,Ã¢â¬ (2) the scent that is associated with Jeremiah de Saint Amours death, and the scent of Fermina Daza. The suicide of Jeremiah de Saint Amour sets up the foreshadowing of Florentinos love and what it will ultimately do to him. It is no wonder that the scent of Ã¢â¬Å"bitter almondsÃ¢â¬ (2) is compared to that of cyanide, as well as the smell of Fermina. The intoxicating aroma of Fermina fills Florentinos heart with crystals ultimately killing him there in the park as he endows her with Ã¢â¬Å"improbable virtues and imaginary sentiments.Ã¢â¬ (56) In other words, he idealizes her. It is this unrealistic conception of Fermina that leads to a half-century of waiting, watching and stalking, infected by the weeds of love. Marquez wrote: Ã¢â¬Å"When he began to wait for the answer to his first letter, his anguish was complicated by diarrhea and green vomit, be became disoriented and suffered from sudden fainting spells, and his mother was terrified because his condition did not resemble the turmoil of love so much as the devastation of choleraÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"..he had the weak pulse, hoarse breathing, and pale perspiration of a dying manÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬ He prescribed infusions of linden blossoms to calm the nerves and suggested a change of air so he could find consolation in distance, but Florentino Ariza longed for just the opposite: to enjoy his martyrdom.Ã¢â¬ (61, 62, 62) Florentino Ariza literally takes on the sickness of love, as if Fermina had infected him with a bacterial disease known as Cholera. Marquez purposely parallels the sickness of cholera and Florentinos love sickness to exploit the falseness of the love felt by Florentino. The fact that Florentino enjoys his suffering points out the reality of his feelings for Fermina, that he does love her; that he is in love with the suffering caused by the idea of loving her. Fermina is an independent, headstrong person who is sophisticated and capable; Fermina prides herself on her unfaltering, haughty composure. Marquez depicts her as a level headed woman whose ideals are realistic, therefore it is of no concern when she writes to Florentino saying Ã¢â¬Å"When I saw you, I realized that what is between us is nothing more than an illusion.Ã¢â¬ (102). although, critic ___________ believes that Fermina is Ã¢â¬Å"impulsiveÃ¢â¬ based off her sudden realization, in actuality she is only grown. The time apart from Florentino has taught her that the love between them was truly an illusion that was built up in their minds. She came to the conclusion that the love was nothing more than a childhood crush. However, Florentino did not have the option to grow from Fermina because the separation was nothing new to him. The Fermina Daza he loved was not a physical woman but a sickness running through his veins, she was a phantom of Ã¢â¬Å"improbable virtues and imaginary sentiments.Ã¢â¬ (56) Fermina the phantom was always with Florentino, she was in his mind and no amount of time could take that away from him. From the moment he gave his letter to Fermina he locked himself into a prison counting the days until he could be free from his self made prison. The virus of Fermina did not break even after the Ã¢â¬Å"fifty-one years and nine months and four daysÃ¢â¬ (103) of waiting, for the prison he built was solely a monument to Fermina. He based the entirety of his life on her and achieving her as if she was a Ã¢â¬Å"goldenÃ¢â¬ prize to win. When Florentino sees her for the first time from her honeymoon, he re-iterates his vow for her. Marquez writes: Ã¢â¬Å"The day that Florentino Ariza saw Fermina Daza in the atrium of the Cathedral, in the sixth month of her pregnancy and in full command of her new condition as a woman of the world, he made a fierce decision to win fame and fortune in order to deserve her.Ã¢â¬ (165) Florentino based the rest of his life on solely reaching Fermina, not even to marry her as Marquez makes sure not to mention but to Ã¢â¬Å"deserve herÃ¢â¬ once again suggesting that the love he felt was one of falsehood. Any chance of Florentino of living his life for him in the chance of happiness is shattered here. Any substance that could be squeezed from him is abolished once again in seeing Fermina from a distance Ã¢â¬Å"six months pregnant,Ã¢â¬ the fact that he saw her pregnant from a distance reinforces that Florentino does not perceive of Fermina as an actually person but rather that woman in his mind. His Ã¢â¬Å"fierce decisionÃ¢â¬ was beyond the thought of a rational man, for Fermina was married and was pregnant to represent that marriage. However, this point in Florentinos life is when he will stop at nothing to reach his dream of Fermina. He devotes his life to the river company until the day he can reach Fermina. Florentino becomes a man in the background to walk the dark city nights; he lives his adult life in the shadows of women. Feeling that sex Ã¢â¬Å"eases the pain of Fermina DazaÃ¢â¬ (). (( He puts himself in to affairs with other woman whether they are married or not. The narrator only describes a very small fraction of his six hundred and twenty-two long-term affairs, but of the ones he does relate, several offer a picture of a man less than deserving of Ferminas Ã¢â¬â or any womans Ã¢â¬â love. One of Florentinos lovers, Olimpia Zuleta, is murdered by her husband when she inadvertently shows him the possessive inscription that Florentino painted on her belly. It is also revealed late in the novel that Florentino is a rapist who, after impregnating a maid behind his house, bribes her to put the blame on her innocent sweetheart. Perhaps most condemning is Florentinos seduction of AmÃ ©rica VicuÃ ±ia, his fourteen-year-old blood relative who is entrusted to him while she att ends secondary school. What is most disturbing in his relationship with this girl is the manipulation he uses to create the illusion of acquiescence. When he meets her, she is still a little girl with the scrapes of elementary school on her knees, but Florentino spends a year cultivating her with ice cream and childish afternoons, until finally winning her confidence and affection. These are love affairs not one night stands, Florentino had feelings for these women (some of them anyway), this love life points out the falsehood of Florentinos love for Fermina. He manipulates woman, all of them. From the time he receives Ferminas letter of insults, Florentino begins to devise a new strategy Ã¢â¬â a new method of seduction.() He plans everything down to the last detail, as if it were the final battle.() He departs from his usual imitative writing style and composes an extensive meditation on life which he disguises in the patriarchal style of an old mans memories. The letters help Fermina find new reasons to go on living, but Florentinos cunning plans complicate what she interprets as heartfelt emotions. He is also dishonest with her in person; when she asks him why he never competed in the Poetic Festivals, he lies to her () and says that he wrote only for her.() It is true that part of his intention is to give Fermina the courage to discard the prejudices() of society, and to think of love as a state of grace,() but his contemptible past makes it impossible to differentiate his good motives from his selfish, destructive ones.)) Marquez expels Florentino and Ferminas false love during the final pages of the book. He depicts a forsaken country on the river were the elderly couple float down. Ã¢â¬Å"The river became muddy and narrow[Ã¢â¬ ¦] flatlands stripped of entire forests that had been devoured by the boilers of the riverboats [Ã¢â¬ ¦] there were no more wars or epidemics, but the swollen bodies still floated by.Ã¢â¬ (336) Florentinos relationship with Fermina was not as full but rather a narrow and muddy. The life he led with the sole purpose of being with Fermina and the illusion that followed striped the forest of his life bare leaving nothing but Ã¢â¬Å"flatlands.Ã¢â¬ (336) The monomaniac idealism of Florentino leads him to strip away everything in his life other than the Ã¢â¬Å"muddy and narrowÃ¢â¬ (336) river that is his relationship with Fermina. Even though he defeats all the Ã¢â¬Å"warsÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"epidemicsÃ¢â¬ (336) in order to reach Fermina there are still corpses that float by, the corpses of falsehood and past lovers. The love between them is as narrow as the river. Florentino is as dead and bare as the country side. The ultimate contradiction comes in the very last words of Florentino in which he tells the captain to sail the Ã¢â¬Å"New FidelityÃ¢â¬ (343) to sail Ã¢â¬Å"forever.Ã¢â¬ (348) The impossibility of that statement at first glance seems as the perfect way to end a romantic novel. However, this is not Marquez intention. The wood that is needed to fuel the ship has been depleted to none, due to Florentinos mismanaging of the river company because his mind only grasped the falsehood of Ferminas love. Eventually the elderly couple will have to come to realize the impossibility of their love and come to the truth that Ã¢â¬Å"Its dead.Ã¢â¬ (340) Florentino will have to come to the truth that Fermina has poisoned his mind and body and that she is and was only an illusion in his mind.
Friday, October 25, 2019
Language, Action and Time in Waiting for Godot Twenty-two hundred years before the emergence of the Theater of the Absurd, the Greek philosopher Artistotle stumbled upon one of the themes developed in Samuel Beckett's play Waiting for Godot; that is, that Thought (Dianoia) is expressed through Diction and that Thought (Theoria) is in itself a form of Action (Energeia). Intellectual action is thus measured equally in comparison to physical action. Over the centuries, theories regarding thought, action and language have evolved considerably, but certain underlying themes in Beckett's unconventional work can trace their origins back to Aristotle's original concepts concerning drama, namely the relationships between language, thought and the action involved in contemplation. Aristotle proposes that Thought and Diction imitate Action. In Beckett's Waiting for Godot, it is possible to see a similar pattern (that when taken a step further is no longer linear but circular), in which Language permits the existence of Thought which in turn becomes vicarious Action. (Ironically, this whole process which is portrayed by Beckett on-stage is equivalent to the art of theater itself which, manifested through language, permits the audience offstage, whose witnessing of a play replaces imagining it, to undergo the same process in acting vicariously through the characters.) The first and more interesting part of the process is best illustrated by the ending of both acts when Vladimir, and then Estragon, says "Yes, let's go" and the stage directions indicate "They do not move". It suffices simply to say and subsequently to think of leaving, for there is no more meaning in the vicarious action than in its actual physical manifestation. ... ... Vladimir who comments about the condition of Estragon's feet: "There's man all over for you, blaming on his boots the faults of his feet." The boots represent god, for each is an external object that man contrives to protect himself. Beckett is saying that man should not blame the devices that he creates when they fail to protect him from himself, but should rather accept the responsibility for their failure as he is the creator of those devices. If god does not fill man's existential void, instead of hopelessly waiting for that unreliable god to come and rescue him, he should consider looking to himself to resolve the problem of the meaninglessness of his life. Bibliography Aristotle. Poetics. Tr. S.H. Butler. New York: Hill and Wang, 1977 Beckett, Samuel. Waiting for Godot. New York: Grove Press, 1954 Durozoi, GÃ ©rald. Beckett. Paris: Bordas, 1972